Religion and Knowledge
"There are plenty of examples of science proving a religious claim wrong. There are no examples of religion proving a scientific claim wrong. Are there any examples of religion proving science wrong?"
This was raised by Friendly Atheist. But it buys into the science vs. religion frame. That's not a good opposition. As a religious person I believe we ought to work with the best of what we know. Anything that increases understanding of our world ought to have significance.
But if I was to give my answer to the question I'd say that most of the major world religions have a more potent answer to the question of human nature. For instance, Augustine gives us more to work with than most psychological theories in the last century.
Because he gave us the language to speak about evil apart from ignorance. In the West, I believe there was an advance in knowledge when that move was made. Are there other examples of a faith tradition adding to our knowledge in a way missed by the sciences?